The term Coronavirus is a kind of common virus, refers to a group of viruses that are common in humans and causes diseases in mammals, including humans and birds also. There are many different coronaviruses, although people often refer to the virus causing COVID-19. This group of virusescan be transmitted to humans from animals. In chicken it causes an upper respiratory illness, while in cows and pigs they may cause diarrhea.In humans, the virus causes fever, cold and respiratory infections (in nose, sinuses or upper throat) which can be fatal.This group of viruses got this name from its crown-like shape. In recent history, two outbreaks.
How it spread?
Here is what we should know about Covid 19 and what happens if you are infected.As fear has spread, scientist and researchers in all over the world made highly efforts to understand the new virus and how it effects the human body.
The new virus belongs to a family of viruses that can cause respiratory disorder in humans from common cold to more deadly diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory syndrome (MERS). It transmitted to humans from unidentified animal source as yet.
When an infected person coughs or sneezes, virus spreads primarily through his respiratory droplets.
How did the outbreak start?
First outbreak was noticed in Wuhan China. Wuhan is the capital of the Hubei province and has about 11 million citizens.
In late December 2019, Chinese Health Authorities identified a group of patients infected from viral Pneumonia in Wuhan. In early January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) identified a new type of virus, Novel Coronavirus in China that was later named COVID-19.
Initial case of COVID-19 outside of China was reported on January 13 in Thailand and on January 16 in Japan. Since then COVID-19 has spread in 200 countries. Confirm cases worldwide have been reached 799703, 38720 deaths, 169974 recovered.
Before developing symptoms people may be sick with the virus for 1 to 14 days. On average after becoming infected, it takes five to six days to show symptoms, however some do not show any symptoms. When virus enters in our respiratory tract, it multiplies very quickly and can cause a range of symptoms.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are sore throat, tiredness, runny nose, cough, and fever, only 10 percent people may experience sever symptoms such as difficulty breathing, diarrhea, fatigue and mussels pain, all the way through pneumonia. About 80 percent of patients recover from the disease without any special treatment. People with other medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, heart disease and older people may be in danger to becoming severely ill.
You can protect yourself and stop spreading the virus to others by doing some following precautions.
- Wash your hands with soap and warm water for 20 seconds, or use hand sanitizer regularly.
- Whenever you sneeze or cough cover your nose and mouth with disposable tissue or your elbow.
- Keep social distance and avoid close contact with unwell people.
- Stay home and take a rest. Go for self- isolation if you feel unwell.
- If your hands are not clean or you came from outside don’t touch your nose, eyes and mouth.
Unfortunately to treat or prevent coronavirus COVID-19, there is no specific medicine at yet.
- If you have some mild symptoms, stay at home until you are recovered.
- Take rest and sleep at least for 8-9 hours
- Keep your body warm
- Drink different liquids especially warm liquids
- Use room humidifier or take hot water steam to ease sore throat and cough.
- If you develop severe symptoms like fever, cough and difficulty breathing, swiftly seek medical assistance.
- People who are admitted in hospital, may get support for their lungs and other organs, as virus damages your lungs.