A sleep disorder in which a patient feels difficulty in sleeping is known as insomnia. In insomnia difficulty falling asleep us followed by waking up in the night and troubles returning to sleep. In sleep disorder patient often feels tired upon waking. There are five types of insomnia( sleep disorder ):

  1. Acute Insomnia
  2. Chronic Insomnia
  3. Comorbid Insomnia
  4. Onset Insomnia 
  5. Maintenance Insomnia

Fatal insomnia 

A rare prion disease that disturbs the sleeping cycle and leads to a downturn of mental function and decrease in brain coordination. It has two types.

Familial: It is an inherited form of insomnia and caused by a mutation in the gene, which fails in the production of a normal protein called cellular prion protein (PrPC).

Sporadic: This is non-genetical insomnia and is not transferred in the family continuously.

These two types of insomnia differ from other types of insomnia as they affect and deteriorate only one thalamus of the brain, which controls the sleep cycle. 

In fatal familial insomnia, symptoms may dominate in the person of age 20s to the early 70s. It may cause the death of the patient after 7 to 73 months of its beginning. The sporadic form starts later, and life expectancy is comparatively longer.

Pregnancy Insomnia

Several women face difficulties in sleeping during pregnancy. In their first trimesters, pregnant women usually tend to get more sleep but they face trouble in the quality of their sleep. In this way, a pregnant woman feels exhausted all day long. This is known as pregnancy insomnia. 

Symptoms

  • These are the few symptoms of insomnia: 
  • Trouble in falling asleep at night
  • Waking up during the night without any reason
  • Waking up too early in the morning 
  • Feeling tired after sleeping 
  • Tiredness in the day time or sleepiness
  • Anxiety, depression, and irritability 
  • Loss of memory and attention
  • Decrease inefficiency of the person’s work

If you feel very hard to work during day time, visit your doctor to identify the cause and type of your sleeplessness. In case of serious complications in the sleep cycle, you may be referred to a sleep center by your doctor for further testing. 

Causes

Insomnia may be the primary problem itself, or it may be related to other conditions.

Few common causes of insomnia include:

Stress: Stress may be the basic reason for chronic insomnia because it directly affects your brain, especially the thalamus part. 

Travel and work schedule: 

If you follow a circadian rhythm in your sleeping cycle and sometimes you have to change the habits according to your work schedule, it may also cause insomnia. 

Poor sleep habits:

Poor sleep habits, irregular bedtime, not a suitable environment, naps, stimulating activities before bed, may cause insomnia. 

Eating too much in the evening:

 Having too much eaten at night may cause insomnia due to heartburn and acidic reflux in the oesophagus. Insomnia can be related to medical conditions or the use of certain drugs. Mindfulness meditation

Natural Remedies of Insomnia 

Yoga and Meditation

Yoga is good for health as well as body structure and physique. Meditation can help you achieve the health targets and can improve your sleeping cycle too. 

Exercise

It is scientifically proved that exercise is the cause of the release of hormone dopamine which reduces the stress and reduction stress can cure insomnia. 

Massage 

Massage can also reduce stress as it is a type of exercise that is the source of peace and pleasure for the brain. As brain relaxes, the thalamus of the brain can get restore its proper functioning. 

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